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Top 50 Richest Countries in the World in 2023 [With GDP Per Capita]

Richest Countries in The World

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The majority of the countries at the top of a new list of the world’s affluent are neither the largest nor the most powerful. In fact, numerous are among the smallest Consider: Luxembourg, which ranks the top of the richest countries in the world.

Twenty years ago, the world’s wealthiest nations were more surprising than they are today. They are the countries that are frequently considered global financial centres and whose low tax rates attract a large number of businesses. This money, coupled with small populations, generates per capita revenues that the overwhelming majority of nations will never be able to match.

Our index displays the 50 wealthiest countries, measured by per capita gross domestic product and adjusted for purchasing power in each country. The United States is the only high-ranking nation with a large surface area and population, ranking eleventh. Luxembourg is the richest country in the world.

The 50 Richest Countries in The World at A Glance



GDP/Capita in PPP














Macao SAR






United Arab Emirates






United States



Brunei Darussalam



Hong Kong SAR



San Marino






Taiwan Province of China







































Saudi Arabia



United Kingdom






Korea, Republic of












New Zealand















Czech Republic















Puerto Rico















Bahamas, The



Türkiye, Republic of









Slovak Republic


Note: Macao, Hong Kong, and Taiwan are all part of the People’s Republic of China. Macao and Hong Kong are special administrative regions, and Taiwan is a province.

The 15 Richest Countries in The World

With their high GDPs, abundant resources, and flourishing economies, certain nations stand out from the rest as the wealthiest and most successful in the global economic landscape. The following list examines some of the world’s wealthiest nations in greater detail, focusing on their distinguishing characteristics.


  • Population- 647,800
  • GDP per capita, PPP- $140,694
  • GNI per capita: $88,190

Luxembourg has a high standard of living and a flourishing economy despite having just over 650,000 inhabitants. It is regarded as the wealthiest country in the world, largely due to its robust financial sector, which is home to numerous international banks and financial institutions. The economy of Luxembourg is also supported by sectors such as manufacturing, transportation, and technology. The country’s strategic location and superior infrastructure also contribute to its success as an international business and trade centre.

Luxembourg’s stable and diversified economy, founded on a combination of industry, finance, and services, is one of the primary reasons for its success as the world’s wealthiest nation. The country is home to a large number of multinational corporations and financial institutions, and its business- and individual-friendly tax climate has helped to attract significant foreign investment.

Read More: Top Richest Man in the World 2023

2. Singapore

  • Population: 5,230,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $131,580
  • GNI per capita: $64,010

Singapore is a wealthy nation despite its limited natural resources, thanks to its strategic positioning as a global financial services centre with vital industries in manufacturing, transportation, engineering, logistics, electronics, biotechnology, and chemical production. This affluence is bolstered by the country’s superior infrastructure, which encourages domestic and international investment.

Moreover, Singapore’s commitment to bolstering its education and tourism sectors has resulted in a high-achieving local population and a constant influx of tourists. In addition, the forward-thinking government bolsters the nation’s appeal with a variety of investor-friendly policies that attract individuals and businesses from around the globe, thereby contributing to its prosperity.

3. Ireland 

  • Population: 5,054,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $124,596
  • GNI per capita: $74,520

Ireland is an affluent nation due to its many natural and economic advantages, which attract both high-income earners and businesses. Tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, and other industries have contributed to the country’s sustained economic growth. Analysts predict that Ireland will surpass Luxembourg as the wealthiest nation in Europe by 2027.

Metals, food products such as brewing, computers and components, software, textiles, and more are among Ireland’s primary exports. It is an attractive destination for international businesses and business travellers due to its open market and low tax rate. In recent years, the proliferation of call centres, legal services, accounting departments, customer service outlets, stockbroking firms, and catering services has also contributed to Ireland’s economic dominance.

4. Qatar

  • Population: 3,059,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $112,789
  • GNI per capita: $57,120

Qatar, with a population of about 2.8 million, has one of the highest per capita incomes in the globe despite its small size.

Qatar’s vast oil and natural gas reserves, which have enabled the country to swiftly develop its economy and infrastructure over the past few decades, are one of the primary sources of its wealth. It has made significant investments in sectors including construction, real estate, and finance, as well as high-tech industries, including aerospace and information technology.

In addition to its natural resources, Qatar’s strategic location at the intersection of global trade routes has made it a significant hub for international trade and transportation. The nation has also made substantial investments in its education system, resulting in a highly skilled and educated labour force that drives innovation and expansion across a variety of industries.

5. Switzerland

  • Population: 8,771,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $84,658
  • GNI per capita: $90,360

Switzerland is a prosperous nation whose citizens’ happiness has earned it a position among the highest-ranking countries in terms of quality of life. Its higher cost of living may appear prohibitive to some, but generous tax rates have helped entice foreign investment from around the globe. This influx of global funds is reflected in Switzerland’s gross domestic product, with exports substantially contributing to the country’s economic health. In addition, the resourceful Swiss are renowned for their high-quality handicrafts and goods, such as cheese, confectionery, jewellery, furniture, and much more, which are created with care and skill using domestic resources.

Due to its lack of capital gains tax, its low-value product tax of 7.7%, and its lower-than-average income tax rates, the Swiss economy is presently one of the most attractive investment destinations in Europe. This triple benefit encourages Swiss citizens and non-citizens to invest in the Swiss economy, and Swiss citizens demonstrate a preference for purchasing locally produced goods. The rest of the world has taken note of Switzerland’s investment climate, which has resulted in a constant increase in economic growth year after year, thanks to the investors’ unwavering commitment.

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6. United Arab Emirates

  • Population: 9,272,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $78,255
  • GNI per capita: $39,410

The UAE is renowned for its robust economy, which is supported by its abundant hydrocarbon and gas reserves. However, the country has made significant strides in diversifying its economy in recent years, investing significantly in tourism, finance, and technology.

These sectors now play a significant role in driving the economy of the UAE as a result of the country’s successful diversification initiatives. Particularly, Dubai has become a global centre for tourism and business, attracting millions of tourists and investors annually. In addition, the UAE has made substantial investments in developing its infrastructure, with projects such as the Burj Khalifa and the Dubai Metro contributing to the country’s economic development and international standing.

Citizens and residents of the UAE experience a variety of benefits, including free healthcare and education, as a result of the country’s economic prosperity. The UAE’s diversified and thriving economy, combined with its investment in infrastructure and social initiatives, has contributed to its position as one of the world’s most prosperous nations.

7. Norway

  • Population: 5,443,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $77,808
  • GNI per capita: $83,880

The majority of Norway’s approximately 5,4 million inhabitants live in urban areas such as Oslo, Bergen, and Trondheim. The primary source of Norway’s fortune is its natural resources, which include oil, gas, and fish. However, significant investments have also been made in other sectors, including renewable energy, technology, and shipping.

A key contributor to Norway’s affluence and prosperity is its robust social welfare system, which provides its citizens with a variety of benefits and services. Free healthcare, education, and generous parental leave policies are included. In addition, Norway’s highly progressive tax system helps finance these social programs and promotes a more equitable distribution of wealth.

Norway’s economic prosperity is reflected in its low unemployment rate, high education levels, and robust public infrastructure. With a strong emphasis on innovation and technology, the country’s workforce is highly competent. In addition, Norway is renowned for its stringent environmental policies, which have contributed to the protection of its natural resources and the promotion of sustainable development.

8. United States

  • Population: 336,958,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $76,027
  • GNI per capita: $70,930

Globally, the United States of America is recognized as a prosperous nation. It has a large, diverse economy that produces products and services that are popular with people from all over the globe. This economic motor is propelled by natural resources such as oil and gas, as well as highly developed industries such as biotechnology, engineering, and computer technology.

The infrastructure of the United States, which includes roads, bridges, ports, airports, railroads, telecommunications networks, utilities, and agricultural equipment, enables its citizens to live comfortably and efficiently. In comparison to other regions of the globe, the United States enjoys relative political stability, which enables it to maintain domestic order while supporting the international investment with sustainable policies. Collectively, these factors make the United States economy one of the most astounding in the world.

9. Brunei

  • Population: 434,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $74,953
  • GNI per capita: $31,510

Brunei is the fourth wealthiest country in the world because it is one of the largest producers of oil and liquefied natural gas. Similar to Luxembourg, they have a population of approximately 400,000, but they have the greatest oil reserves. Despite a decrease in GDP in 2016, the country was able to recalibrate and achieve economic growth, thereby increasing its wealth. This Southeast Asian nation is also pursuing economic diversification to reduce its reliance on petroleum.

10. San Marino

  • Population: 33,700
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $70,139
  • GNI per capita: $40,801

San Marino is well-known for its impressive prosperity, and its position among the world’s wealthiest nations is well-deserved. This recognition is in part due to the export of high-quality goods, which has helped San Marino attain one of the world’s lowest poverty rates. In addition, more than fifty per cent of San Marino’s gross domestic product is derived from tourism due to the country’s picturesque landscapes and mild Mediterranean climate.

In this way, it serves not only as a symbol of fine Italian craftsmanship and refined hospitality but also as an illustration of how financial prosperity can be attained through harmony and equilibrium.

Also Read: Richest Cricketers in the World 2023

11. Denmark

  • Population: 5,893,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $69,273
  • GNI per capita: $68,300

Denmark is a compact, prosperous nation in Northern Europe. It has a robust economy that is driven by its high-tech manufacturing and service industries, which account for the majority of its GDP. The nation also benefits from its well-developed infrastructure, which includes highly efficient, affordable, and dependable transportation networks. The high standard of living in Denmark is the result of fiscal policies that have allowed the country to maintain low unemployment rates and high levels of economic growth.

In addition, Denmark’s welfare system provides all citizens with free education, healthcare, and other services, such as child care, that help families flourish. Providing entrepreneurs with simple access to credit and financial assistance encourages business investment and innovation. Denmark is regarded as one of the world’s wealthiest nations due to its economic prowess and progressive social policies that are extremely advantageous for all its citizens.

12. Netherlands

  • Population: 17,650,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $68,572
  • GNI per capita: $55,200

The Netherlands, with a population of over 17 million, is one of the most populous countries in Europe. The Netherlands is one of the world’s wealthiest nations, despite being relatively minor compared to others.

The Dutch economy is renowned for its openness to foreign investment and robust international trade relationships. Shell, Unilever, and Philips are among the greatest international corporations headquartered there. In addition, the Netherlands are known for their innovative and forward-thinking business practices, especially in the technology and renewable energy sectors. Exports of high-quality agricultural products, such as daffodils and cheese, have made the country internationally renowned.

Overall, the Dutch economy is diverse and well-developed, with a strong emphasis on industries that rely heavily on knowledge, international trade, and sustainability. Together with the country’s favourable tax and regulatory climate, these factors have contributed to the Netherlands’ status as one of the world’s wealthiest nations.

13. Austria

  • Population: 9,003,000
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $64,571
  • GNI per capita: $52,760

Numerous industries, such as tourism, finance, insurance, and medical technology, contribute to Austria’s robust economy, which makes it a prosperous nation. Benefiting from favourable corporate tax rates and access to the EU’s single market, the nation’s high-tech enterprises are able to thrive. In addition, Austria has a robust social safety net, which has contributed to its economic growth and low unemployment rate.

In addition, the country’s proximity to other significant European economic powers has enabled it to capitalize on expanded export markets. This level of interaction has allowed businesses to generate jobs and significantly contribute to Austria’s economic prosperity. In addition, Austria is home to a number of prestigious universities and research institutions that have become hubs of knowledge-intensive corporate activity. All of these factors have significantly contributed to Austria’s success in becoming one of Europe’s wealthiest nations.

14. Iceland

  • Population: 380,500
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $64,621
  • GNI per capita: $63,460

Despite its small size, Iceland is regarded as one of the world’s wealthiest nations due to its high standard of living and robust economy.

The Icelandic economy is primarily founded on fishing and tourism, with a technology sector that has been expanding in recent years. In addition, Iceland has a high level of economic freedom and political stability, which has helped to attract foreign investment and foster economic expansion.

Geothermal energy and fish stocks are among the abundant natural resources that contribute to Iceland’s riches. These resources have contributed to the nation’s economic growth and sustainability. Iceland’s robust economy, high standard of living, and distinctive natural resources make it one of the world’s most prosperous nations.

15. Andorra

  • Population: 80,300
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $63,600
  • GNI per capita: $46,530

Andorra is one of the wealthiest nations in the world, and its economy continues to flourish. The country is situated between France and Spain in Europe, and despite its small size, it offers an abundance of invaluable benefits. Andorra has no income tax and a customs union with the European Union, which enables unrestricted trade across borders. Additionally, it offers minimal corporate taxes and financial incentives to businesses looking to invest there.

In addition, the country’s picturesque landscape, moderate climate, and winter skiing opportunities make it an attractive location for real estate investments. Due to the absence of value-added tax or value-added VAT, Andorra offers savings of up to 17%. This consumer-friendly environment ensures that products are reasonably priced for both residents and visitors. Last but not least, Andorra has a stable government that provides solid infrastructure and public services to its residents and visitors.

You can Read: Richest Cricketers in the World 2023

The 10 richest countries in the world based on the International Monetary Fund’s

  1. United States ($18.6 trillion)
  2. China ($11.2 trillion)
  3. Japan ($4.9 trillion)
  4. Germany ($3.4 trillion)
  5. United Kingdom ($2.6 trillion)
  6. France ($2.5 trillion)
  7. India ($2.2 trillion)
  8. Italy ($1.8 trillion)
  9. Brazil ($1.8 trillion)
  10. Canada ($1.5 trillion)

Top 10 Richest Countries in the World (by GNI per Capita, Atlas Method, current US$)

  1. Liechtenstein — $116,440
  2. Switzerland — $90,360
  3. Luxembourg — $88,190
  4. Norway — $83,880
  5. Ireland — $74,520
  6. United States — $70,930
  7. Denmark — $68,300
  8. Singapore — $64,010
  9. Iceland — $63,460
  10. Qatar —  $57,120


There you have it, the crème de la crème of the world’s wealthiest nations, from the grandeur of Luxembourg to the arid riches of Qatar. While you might not be able to hop on your private jet to see them all (you lucky duck), let these top ten high-rollers inspire amazement and create wanderlust in you. It’s a treasure trove of legends and secrets, from the country of chocolate and watches to the home of the Merlion. s.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Richest Countries in The World

What is the richest country in the world?

Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, is the total value of goods and services made in a country divided by its population. Countries with the highest GDP per person are the richest in the world. Qatar, Luxembourg, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, Norway, Switzerland, and the United States are some of the richest places in the world.

What factors contribute to a country’s wealth?

There are many things that affect a country’s wealth, such as its natural resources, infrastructure, political stability, education levels, innovation and technology, and access to global markets. Countries with stable economies, good tax policies, and strong financial and banking sectors often get a lot of foreign investment and have a lot of economic growth.

What are the poorest countries in the world?

Numerous nations are regarded as having low levels of economic development or as being impoverished. It is essential to recognize that measuring poverty can be complicated and that there are various approaches. Burundi, South Sudan, Malawi, Mozambique, and Niger are among the lowest nations based on their per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

How do the richest countries contribute to global development and aid?

Many of the world’s wealthiest nations are also significant foreign aid and development assistance donors. Norway and Sweden, for instance, are among the top contributors to international aid, while the United States and the United Arab Emirates have made substantial contributions to disaster relief and humanitarian efforts in recent years. However, there is an ongoing discussion regarding the efficacy of foreign aid and the role of affluent nations in promoting global development and reducing poverty.

Is Qatar the richest country in the world?

It was home to 3 million people, most of whom were nomads who moved there from the endless deserts of the Arabian Peninsula. Thanks to oil and natural gas, Qatar is now one of the richest countries in the world.

Why is America richer than Europe?

As we shall see, one reason is that Americans labour more. Another reason is that the United States has an abundance of natural resources, whereas European countries frequently must import them.

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