How to Take Care of Your Shotgun?

Shotguns are a great weapon to have when you need to defend yourself or hunt. But it’s important to make sure your shotgun is in good working condition before you try to use it. That’s why knowing how to take care of your shotgun is so important! Follow these steps and keep your gun in top shape:

Clean the magazine tube clean

The magazine tube is the part of your gun that holds ammunition. When you fire, it’s responsible for feeding shells from the stock to the chamber, so it’s important to keep this area clean at all times.

To clean your shotgun’s magazine tube, take a cleaning rod and patches (or a cleaning brush) and run them through the magazine tube until they come out clean on both ends of their journey. This will remove any debris or residue inside this part of your gun that could affect how smoothly it works over time. You can also use a solvent like acetone or lacquer thinner if you want something stronger than water-based rods and patches but less harsh on the finish. Just make sure not to spill it anywhere else on your weapon.

Keep the inside of your receiver clean

You should clean the inside of your receiver with a dry cloth every time you use it. If you don’t, residue from the last time you shot might get stuck there and rust on future outings. To clean it out, remove all the shells from your gun and then run a swab through each chamber with some oil or cleaning solution. But be careful not to push down too hard, or else you could damage the receiver!

Clean and lubricate your bolt assembly

Clean your shotgun’s bolt assembly. It’s important to remove any debris or residue from the bolt assembly before you lubricate it, so use a cleaning rod to clean out the barrel.

For lubricating your shotgun’s bolt assembly, apply a drop of oil to each part of the bolt assembly (bolt, firing pin, and extractor). Use one-half turn of the wrench on each screw when adjusting them in or out. Tighten all screws until they are snug but not tight; they should be able to rotate freely without resistance and with little effort on your part.

Make sure your barrel is clean and free of debris

The first step in caring for your shotgun is to make sure that it’s clean and free of debris. A cleaning rod and brush are necessary for this task, as they allow you to remove any dirt or debris from the barrel. If there is rust or corrosion on the inside of your barrel, use a cleaning rod with a patch wrapped around it (called a bore snake) to remove it. Finally, if there is any residue left over from the last time you shot your gun (i.e., lead), use another type of patch that will be able to absorb this material out of your weapon without damaging its other components or leaving behind any traces of itself during future cleanings.

Follow a regular cleaning schedule for your shotgun

The key to maintaining a great-functioning shotgun is regular cleaning. Follow this schedule:

  • Clean your shotgun after each use. It’s best to clean your shotgun right away, but if you can’t get to it right away, that’s fine too—just try not to leave it for more than 24 hours or so before cleaning.
  • Clean your shotgun before storing it for an extended period of time (more than one year). You want every part of the gun cleaned and oiled before putting it away so there’s no rust from sitting in storage.
  • Use oil on all moving parts, such as trigger group assemblies (bolt release mechanisms), sears, hammers, and firing pins. But never oil wood stocks unless specifically instructed by the manufacturer. This is because it can cause warping over time due to excessive moisture absorption into cedar stocks made with linseed oil finish coats which may contain harmful chemicals.

Use only ammunition of the proper caliber for your firearm

It’s very important to use the right ammunition for your firearm. Know that shotgun ammo is different from rifle ammo. Shotguns are measured in gauges, which are fractions of an inch. The smaller the number, the larger the shell (or bore).

Hence, you should avoid using anything other than what’s recommended in your owner’s manual for your specific firearm model. The problem with using the wrong ammunition is that it can cause damage to your shotgun. For example, a 20-gauge shell will be too large for a 12-gauge barrel and could get stuck inside or cause damage to the rifling (grooves) within the barrel.

Unload your firearm when not in use

Unloading is the first thing you should do before storing, cleaning, and transporting your shotgun. It’s also important to unload the weapon before teaching someone else how to use it, even if they are experienced with firearms. If a firearm is loaded during the training session, there is a chance that a person could be injured by an accidental discharge of the gun or by them trying to load it themselves and causing injury from recoil.

Keep the Shotgun Dry  

Shotguns can be used in the rain for hunting and other related activities. However, they should still be dried at all times to avoid functionality issues. When the gun is wet, it’ll rust aggressively and adversely affect its overall performance.  

Hence, it’s essential to inspect essential parts, such as the bore and the inside of the magazine tube, and ensure they’re dry to avoid unnecessary corrosion.  

Store the Shotgun Safely 

Now that your shotgun is clean and working smoothly, it’s time to store it safely in your home. Generally, hunters and gun collectors like you use a wall rack to keep firearms safe and organized. Also, a wall rack provides easy access if intruders enter your home. Besides, knowing that the gun hangs nearby can give you peace of mind regarding your safety and security.

But aside from that, a firearm wall rack can help you take care of it for a long time. For example, if you have an AR-15 rifle, investing in a AR 15 wall rack can ensure it’s safe and secure until your subsequent use. It can be an excellent way to maintain and protect your shotgun. 


We hope that this article has given you some insight into how to take care of your shotgun. As we’ve seen, it can be a very valuable tool in many different contexts, and the last thing you want to do is damage it by not cleaning it properly! Be sure to follow all of the steps listed above so that your gun stays in good shape and runs smoothly for years to come.


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