Bill Gates Cites These Hazards and Potential Benefits of AI
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AI is changing our lives in more ways than anyone could have imagined. AI has always been a part of our lives because we use it every day, but its uses have grown in the last two years. And the release of OpenAI’s revolutionary chatbot ChatGPT has made people talk more about what AI could do in the future.
Bill Gates, a billionaire philanthropist whose company, Microsoft, has put billions of dollars into OpenAI, used his personal blog on Tuesday to talk about the coming age of artificial intelligence. The 67-year-old man shared his blog on his LinkedIn account and said that in his life, he has seen two technologies in action that he thought were revolutionary. In 1980, it was the graphical user interface, and in 2016, it was his meeting with the team at OpenAI. Gates said that he was really happy with how far the team had come.
The billionaire said that he was so impressed with OpenAI’s work in the middle of 2022 that he gave them a challenge: teach an AI model to pass an Advanced Placement (AP) biology exam. Make the model answer questions it hasn’t been taught to answer.
For the AP biology test, Bill Gates thought that it was more than just a scientific fact and that the test taker would be expected to think critically about biology. Gates thought that the team would be busy with the task for two to three years, but to his surprise, they did it in just a few months. When he met the team again in September, he was amazed by GPT, the AI model that got 59 out of 60 multiple-choice questions on the AP Bio test right.
Here are the most important things to learn from Gate’s post, “The Age of AI has begun”:
AI – A Fundamental Creation
Gates says that AI is just as important as the microprocessor, the Internet, the PC, and mobile phones. He thinks that it will change how people work, learn, travel, get medical care, and talk to each other. Gates says that AI will change the way whole industries work and that businesses will be judged by how well they use AI.
AI can Reduce the World’s Worst Equities
In terms of education, Gates used the United States as an example. He says that the best way to reduce inequality is to improve education, and in particular to make sure that students do well in math. He said that there is evidence that shows that students are more likely to be successful no matter what career path they choose later. Math scores are going down all over the country, especially for Black, Latino, and other students from low-income backgrounds. Gates is sure that AI can help turn things around. He also said that he is sure AI can help make the world more fair when it comes to climate change.
AI and Risks
Gates talked about the benefits of AI and also mentioned some of the risks. “Any new technology that changes things so much is bound to make people feel uneasy, and AI is no exception,” he said. Gates said that he understood why AI was bringing up questions about the job market, the legal system, privacy, bias, and other things. He said that AI is also likely to be wrong about facts and have hallucinations. The head of Microsoft pointed out ways to deal with risks and also talked about how AI can help people in their work, health, and education.
In a similar way, Gates said that AIs get math problems wrong because they have trouble with abstract reasoning. He did say, though, that developers are working on these problems and that they will be fixed soon. The billionaire thinks that governments and the private sector should work together to limit other risks, like threats from humans with AI.
AI as a Personal Agent
Gates talked about how AI will be able to help people become more productive. Even though humans are better than GPT at a lot of things, their skills are not used much in many jobs. Most of the tasks in sales, customer service, and document handling require making decisions, not learning all the time. But companies often use different data sets to train their staff. Gates thinks that AI that is trained using these datasets will help people do these tasks more quickly in the future.
AI in Healthcare
Given the volume of data that AI has access to, according to Gates, it will significantly increase the rate of medical advancements. Practically speaking, AI solutions will substantially assist healthcare professionals in making the most of their time by handling chores like creating notes, filing insurance claims, handling paperwork, etc. According to Gates, developing nations would particularly benefit from AI-driven advancements. AI will enable patients in these nations, where many are unable to even visit a doctor, to perform basic triage and receive guidance on whether to seek treatment or not. According to him, AI used in developing nations will be educated on different ailments than AI used in developed nations.
AI in Education
Gates thinks that AI-driven software will finally make good on its promise to change the way people learn and teach in the next 10 years. The AI models will be able to figure out how each person learns and give them content that fits their needs. It will also be able to tell how much the students understand and how motivated they are, which is very helpful when planning a career.
Gates, who was in India recently, went to The Ramnath Goenka Lecture 2023. Gates talked about his experience with ChatGPT with Anant Goenka, who is the Executive Director of The Indian Express Group. The philanthropist admitted that he had written things in Hindi with a newer version of the revolutionary chatbot. During the conversation, he went on to say that India gave him hope and that the country had shown it could handle any big challenge.