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Economic Powerhouses 2023: Discover the World’s Top 20 Richest Cities

Top Richest Cities in 2023

In this article, we dive deep into the world of affluence, exploring the Top 20 richest cities globally by GDP in 2023. You’ll find an updated list of not just the top 10, but the top 20 wealthiest cities.

We have also included a wealth of additional information and key details, all specifically updated for 2023. Stay tuned to get an insider’s view of global wealth distribution.

Top 20 Richest City In The World 2023: At a Glance

The list of the top 20 richest cities worldwide features a host of iconic destinations, each teeming with a significant population of millionaires and billionaires.

These prosperous cities span a range of countries, including the United States, Australia, China, France, Japan, and Switzerland, highlighting the geographical diversity of wealth. It’s interesting to note that Mumbai, with around 59,000 millionaires, has secured the 21st spot on this prestigious list.

Now, let’s delve into the updated list of these financial powerhouses:

Number City Country
1 New York City United States of America
2 Tokyo Japan
3 San Francisco Bay Area United States of America
4 London United Kingdom
5 Singapore Singapore
6 Los Angeles United States of America
7 Hong Kong Hong Kong (SAR China)
8 Beijing China
9 Shanghai China
10 Sydney Australia
11 Chicago United States of America
12 Toronto Canada
13 Frankfurt Germany
14 Zurich Switzerland
15 Houston United States of America
16 Seoul South Korea
17 Melbourne Australia
18 Paris France
19 Geneva Switzerland
20 Dubai United Arab Emirates

Top Richest Cities in the World in 2023

Our beautiful planet is full of wondrous sites. Many cities are renowned for their breathtaking beauty, while others are recognized for their vast wealth. Countries like Ireland and Luxembourg, for instance, are widely known as some of the world’s wealthiest nations.

There’s a certain allure that draws people to learn more about the world’s richest cities. You might immediately think of cities like New York, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and London when wealth is discussed – these are places that typically spring to mind due to their notable affluence.

However, wealth isn’t arbitrary. It is influenced by a variety of factors such as population, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and the number of millionaires residing in the city, among other pertinent factors. When compiling a list of the world’s richest cities, these are the factors taken into careful consideration. This article will delve deeper into the subject, offering more insight into what makes a city wealthy.

Top 10 Richest City In The World By GDP 2023

The most recent rankings have crowned New York City as the wealthiest city globally, according to a report by Henley and Partners. Interestingly, the majority of cities that grace the top 10 of this list are located in the United States. These cities are home to numerous billionaires, whose wealth substantially bolsters the cities’ GDP.

In a parallel report by Forbes, it was revealed that the city hosting the highest number of billionaires is none other than New York. So, it’s hardly a shock that New York City holds the enviable title of the world’s richest city. Yet, wealth is not confined to the Big Apple alone. Other cities like Tokyo, Singapore, Los Angeles, and Hong Kong, among others, also feature prominently in this exclusive list of the top 10 and top 20 richest cities.

In terms of housing the most millionaires, it’s predominantly cities in the USA and China that reign supreme in the top 10 wealthiest cities worldwide. Europe’s solitary representation in this esteemed 2023 list is London, underscoring its place as a hub of wealth on the continent.

1. New York City

The Big Apple, otherwise known as New York City, is an undeniable powerhouse of wealth. It’s home to a staggering 340,000+ millionaires, 724 centi-millionaires, and a jaw-dropping 101 billionaires. As the financial heartbeat of the USA, it stands tall as the world’s wealthiest city on several counts.

Further illustrating its economic dominance, the city hosts the world’s two largest stock exchanges by market cap – the NYSE and Nasdaq. But New York is more than just a financial hub. It’s a vibrant tapestry of five distinct boroughs – the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island, each with its unique charm.

Among these, Manhattan is particularly notable for its exclusive residential areas. 5th Avenue, for instance, is among the world’s most prestigious addresses. Here, the price tags of prime apartments can skyrocket, exceeding an astounding $27,000 per square meter. Clearly, New York City isn’t just a city – it’s a statement of opulence.

2. Tokyo

Boasting 290,300 millionaires, 250 centi-millionaires, and 14 billionaires, Tokyo is a city flush with affluence. Although its billionaire count may seem relatively low compared to other contenders on our top 10 list, this fact actually points to a more evenly distributed wealth pattern in Tokyo. Here, the middle-class and lower-tier millionaires control a substantial portion of the city’s capital, showing a different kind of economic robustness.

Tokyo’s financial landscape is further bolstered by the presence of several major corporations. Household names like Hitachi, Honda, Mitsubishi, Softbank, and Sony all call this city home, contributing to its economic power and status.

3. San Francusco Bay Area

The Bay Area, encompassing the vibrant city of San Francisco and the tech-hub Silicon Valley, is a true hotspot for wealth, hosting 285,000 millionaires, 629 centi-millionaires, and an impressive tally of 63 billionaires.

It’s not just the high net-worth individuals that make the area significant; the Bay Area is also the bedrock of global tech innovation. A veritable ‘who’s who’ of the world’s top tech companies have their headquarters here. Giants like Adobe, Apple, Cisco, Meta (formerly Facebook), Alphabet (parent company of Google), HP, Intel, LinkedIn, Lyft, Netflix, OpenAI, PayPal, Twitter, Uber, Yahoo, and Zoom all operate from this dynamic region. With such a concentration of technological powerhouses, it’s clear why the Bay Area commands such a strong economic presence.

4. London

Twenty years ago, in 2000, London proudly held the title of the world’s millionaire capital. However, as time passed, it gradually descended the rankings. Yet, even with this shift, London continues to exude an aura of luxurious exclusivity.

London is home to some of the globe’s most prestigious residential neighborhoods. Names such as Belgravia, Chelsea, Hampstead, Knightsbridge, Mayfair, Regents Park, and St. Johns Wood are synonymous with grandeur and high-end living.

The city’s economic landscape is still notably affluent. It boasts a sizeable population of 258,000 millionaires, 384 centi-millionaires, and 36 billionaires, affirming London’s status as a city of enduring wealth and prosperity.

5. Singapore

Singapore enjoys a reputation as one of the world’s most conducive cities for business, making it a magnet for the wealthy. In fact, in 2022 alone, the city-state welcomed approximately 2,800 high-net-worth individuals, as reported by the Henley Wealth Migration Dashboard.

Currently, Singapore houses a remarkable 240,100 millionaires, 329 centi-millionaires, and 27 billionaires. With its business-friendly environment and the lure of a high-quality lifestyle, it’s no surprise that Singapore is a top choice for the world’s affluent.

6. Los Angeles

Los Angeles, famously known as LA, is not just about Hollywood glitz and glam. It’s a hotbed of wealth, with 205,400 millionaires, 480 centi-millionaires, and a noteworthy 42 billionaires calling it home. These figures take into account the wealth found within the city itself, as well as the affluent nearby areas of Beverly Hills and Malibu.

LA’s economic landscape is diverse and dynamic, with major industries spanning entertainment, media, real estate, retail, tech, and transport. So, it’s not just the sunshine and palm trees that make LA an attractive place – it’s also the city’s robust economic opportunities and wealth.

7. Hong Kong

Even though Hong Kong has experienced modest growth over the past decade, it remains a bustling hub of wealth and financial activity. This vibrant city-state is home to 129,500 millionaires, 290 centi-millionaires, and an impressive 32 billionaires.

Many of Asia’s most affluent business moguls choose to base themselves in Hong Kong, a testament to its enduring appeal. The Hong Kong Stock Market also maintains its status as one of the globe’s most crucial stock exchanges, cementing Hong Kong’s position as a key player in the world of finance.

8. Beijing

As China’s official capital, Beijing is more than just a political hub. It’s a hotbed of wealth, boasting 128,200 resident millionaires, 354 centi-millionaires, and an impressive 43 billionaires. This makes its billionaire population particularly high, ranking only behind New York City and the Bay Area.

Beijing is the chosen base for many of the world’s biggest companies, further solidifying its economic importance. So, it’s not just about the rich history and cultural significance; Beijing stands tall as a significant contributor to the global economic landscape.

9. Shanghai

Known far and wide as China’s financial heartbeat, Shanghai is a city teeming with affluence. It’s home to 127,200 millionaires, 332 centi-millionaires, and an impressive 40 billionaires.

But wealth isn’t the only thing that defines Shanghai. The city is also an epicenter for global finance, hosting the third-largest stock market in the world by market capitalization, falling just behind the NYSE and the Nasdaq. It’s clear that Shanghai’s influence extends far beyond its city limits – it’s a key player on the world’s financial stage.

10. Sydney

Sydney, Australia’s gem, is home to 126,900+ resident millionaires, 184 centi-millionaires, and 15 billionaires. But it’s not just about the numbers. Sydney also boasts some of the world’s most luxurious residential areas, including Bellevue Hill, Darling Point, Mosman, Point Piper, and Vaucluse.

Over the past two decades, Sydney has seen an impressive surge in wealth, quickly ascending the ranks to become one of the wealthiest cities in the Asia Pacific region. If current trends continue, Sydney is set to make an even bigger splash on the global stage. Projections suggest that by 2040, Sydney could break into the top five wealthiest cities worldwide. So, keep an eye on Sydney – it’s a city on the move!

Fastest Growing Cities for the Rich

Our visualization showcases well-established cities that have been favored by high-net-worth individuals for several years, while some lesser-known cities have also gained attention. However, it is essential to consider the fastest-growing cities for the wealthy.

During 2022, cities with thriving oil and gas industries, such as Riyadh, Sharjah, Dubai, Luanda, Abu Dhabi, Doha, and Lagos, experienced remarkable growth. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) emerged as a hotspot for millionaires, attracting over 4,000 new millionaires in that year. In the United States, certain tax-friendly states like Texas and Florida saw an influx of American companies relocating their headquarters.

In the future, both companies and affluent individuals will undoubtedly gravitate towards locations that offer them the best treatment. Countries aspiring to attract the wealthy will need to implement tax-friendly policies, coupled with other factors like quality of life, safety, education, and access to desirable amenities that appeal to ultra-wealthy residents. By addressing these criteria, cities can position themselves as attractive and lucrative destinations for the world’s wealthy population.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What defines a city as one of the ‘richest’ in the world?

A city is usually considered ‘rich’ based on several key factors, such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, median household income, and overall wealth concentration. It’s important to note that wealth is not just measured by income, but also by the value of physical and financial assets owned by the residents.

2. Which city is currently the richest in the world?

As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the city often considered the richest in terms of GDP is Tokyo, Japan. However, it’s worth noting that this can fluctuate depending on economic factors, so it’s recommended to check the most recent data.

3. Are the richest cities necessarily the most expensive to live in?

Not always. While wealth concentration often results in higher living costs, other factors like population density, demand for real estate, and the cost of local goods and services also contribute to a city’s cost of living. Some very wealthy cities can be more affordable to live in compared to less affluent but more expensive cities.

4. Do the richest cities also have the highest quality of life?

Wealth is just one aspect of quality of life. Other aspects include education, safety, health care, access to green spaces, cultural opportunities, and overall happiness. Some of the world’s richest cities do rank high in quality of life surveys, but it’s not an automatic correlation.

5. How can I find out the current top 20 richest cities in the world?

Many economic research firms and international organizations, like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or the World Bank, regularly publish lists of the world’s richest cities based on GDP and other economic indicators. You can refer to their most recent reports to get accurate, up-to-date information.


In a nutshell, the diversity of the world’s richest cities in 2023 highlights the global nature of wealth and the dynamic interplay of factors that contribute to economic prosperity. From traditional financial powerhouses to emerging centers of wealth, the global economic landscape continues to evolve.

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