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How Shamsur Rahman Transformed the Landscape of Bengali Poetry Forever

bengali poet shamsur rahman

Shamsur Rahman was a Bengali poet, novelist, and essayist. He is considered one of the greatest Bengali poets of all time. He transformed Bengali literature with a body of work spanning over six decades and is often called the ‘unofficial poet laureate’ of Bangladesh. Today is his 17th death anniversary.

We show our humble respect and polite tribute on the 17th death anniversary of Bengali poet Shamsur Rahman. This blog delves into his life, unique poetic style, and influential contributions to the evolution of Bengali poetry.

Content Highlights

  • Shamsur Rahman was a celebrated Bengali poet who played a significant role in developing Bengali poetry.
  • He had a diverse career, including journalism, and faced an attempted assassination that shaped his writings.
  • His unique poetic style, characterized by his choice of words, creative vision, and diverse influences, made him an influential figure in Bengali literature.
  • Rahman’s literary works spanned various genres such as poetry, short stories, novels, children’s literature, autobiography, collected columns, translated poems, and dramas.
  • Some of his critically acclaimed poems include “Electrar Gaan,” “Ikaruser Akash,” “Purple Patch,” and “Through the Eyes of Poets and Writers.”
  • Shamsur Rahman left a lasting impact on Bengali literature through his powerful words and continues to be celebrated even after his passing.

Who Was Shamsur Rahman?


Shamsur Rahman, a renowned Bengali poet, was influential in developing Bengali poetry. He had a notable career in journalism and faced an attempted assassination that further shaped his writings.

Characteristic Details
Birth name Shamsur Rahman Chowdhury
Born 23 October 1929, Faridpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 17 August 2006, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Parents Mokhlesur Rahman Chowdhury and Amena Khatun
Wife Zohra Begum
Children 4 daughters and 1 son
Awards Bangla Academy Literary Award (1960); Ekushey Padak (1976)

Biographical Background

Shamsur Rahman was born in Bangladesh. His love for words started early. In high school, he began writing poems. He wrote more than sixty books of poems in his life. Many see him as a big part of Bengali literature in the late 20th century.

His works changed how people saw and used the Bengali language in poetry. At age 76, he died but left a big mark on Bengali literature.

Career in Journalism

Shamsur Rahman jumped into journalism in 1957. He started with his role as a co-editor for the Morning News, an English daily. Years passed, and he climbed up the ladder of success.

The Dainik Bangla and weekly Bichitra saw him as their chief editor later on.

His journalism career was filled with roles such as sub-editor and editor. His courage led his path. This spirit also showed up in his poetry, making waves of change.

Attempted Assassination

In 1999, a group tried to kill Shamsur Rahman. This happened in his own home on January 18. The group was called Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami Bangladesh. They were very bad people who didn’t like what he had to say in his poems.

They put his life at risk, but he did not stop writing. Even the death of Bangabandhu, a big event in Bangladesh’s history, became part of his poems. He wrote about feeling mad and upset over this unfair event.

Bengali Poet Shamsur Rahman: Poetry Style

shamsur rahman


Shamsur Rahman’s poetry style is characterized by his unique poetic diction, creative vision, and diverse influences.

Poetic Diction

Shamsur Rahman’s poetic diction, or choice of words in his poems, played a vital role in his contribution to Bengali poetry. He predominantly wrote his poems in free verse, using rhythmic styles like Poyaar or Okhshorbritto.

Other prominent poets influenced his style and technique in Bengali literature. By carefully selecting words and expressing themes close to the readers’ hearts, Rahman was able to connect with his audience on a profound level.

This connection helped shape the evolution of Bengali poetry, making Rahman an influential figure in the literary landscape. Moreover, Rahman’s poems also reflected his engagement with the socio-political realities of his time, adding depth and relevance to his work.

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Creative Vision

Shamsur Rahman’s creative vision played a crucial role in developing Bengali poetry. His poems were internationally recognized for their unique style and range of poetic references.

Inspired by Jibanananda Das, Rahman developed his language and rhythm, showcasing urban sensibility. He was known for his ability to weave together various themes and emotions, creating a rich tapestry of words that captivated readers.

Rahman’s creative vision pushed the boundaries of traditional literary styles, leaving a lasting impact on Bengali literature as a whole.


Shamsur Rahman’s poetry style was influenced by both the old language of Dhaka and the ancient Sanskrit tradition. He drew inspiration from these influences to create his unique poetic diction.

Rahman’s creative vision was fueled by liberal humanism, which he explored in his poems. His work also contained fanciful and surreal imagery that captivated readers. In addition, Rahman responded to the changing socio-political scene through his poetry, making it more “public” and direct.

His innovative approach significantly impacted the school of English poetry in Bangladesh, inspiring future poets to push boundaries and explore new horizons in their work.

Shamsur Rahman’s Literary Works

Shamsur Rahman’s works span various genres, including poetry, short stories, novels, children’s literature, autobiography, collected columns, and translated poems and dramas.

His vast repertoire showcases his versatility as a writer. Read on to explore the depth of his literary contributions.


Shamsur Rahman was a prolific poet who made significant contributions to Bengali poetry. He wrote over sixty books of poetry collections, showcasing his poetic talent and creativity.

His poems played a crucial role in the campaign for the Bengali language movement, resisting oppression and advocating for the recognition of Bengali as a language. Shamsur Rahman’s works are known for their rich diction and creative vision, exploring themes that intertwine past and present, emotion and intellect, myths and reality.

Through his poetry, he captured the essence of Bangladesh’s socio-political landscape, providing social commentary and inspiring future poets with his powerful words.

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Short Stories

Shamsur Rahman, a renowned Bangladeshi poet, and writer, also dabbled in writing short stories. These stories were an important part of his literary works and played a significant role in expressing resistance against the oppression faced by the Bengali language.

In these stories, Shamsur Rahman symbolized his solidarity with freedom fighters who fought for the rights of the Bengali language. Through his powerful storytelling, he conveyed the pain and helplessness experienced during that period.

His short stories made a remarkable contribution to the Bengali language movement of the 1950s, showcasing the strength and resilience of those fighting for their mother tongue.


Shamsur Rahman, known for his contributions to Bengali poetry, also wrote many novels throughout his career. One notable novel is “Shera Shamsur Rahman,” which contains 122 poems and two full-length novels written by him.

In these novels, he reflects on the past and present of Bangladesh’s political imagination, exploring emotions, intellect, myths, and reality. Shamsur Rahman’s novels have been considered significant in shaping the evolution of Bengali poetry and are highly regarded within the literary world of Bangladesh.

Children’s Literature

Shamsur Rahman also made significant contributions to children’s literature. He wrote stories and poems for young readers to entertain and educate them. His works in this genre were filled with imagination, captivating characters, and moral lessons.

Shamsur Rahman understood the importance of nurturing young minds through literature, and his children’s books continue to be beloved by generations of readers.


Shamsur Rahman’s autobiography is an important piece of his literary legacy. In it, he shares poetry’s role in his personal life. He talks about how poetry became a source of solace during difficult times and expressed his thoughts and emotions.

Shamsur Rahman’s autobiography also gives us insights into the evolution of Bengali poetry by showcasing his journey as a poet. It highlights the paradoxical nature of Shamsur Rahman – the struggles he faced, both internally and externally, while pursuing his passion for poetry.

Overall, his autobiography provides a deeper understanding of Shamsur Rahman as a poet and sheds light on the significance of poetry in his life.

Collected Columns

Shamsur Rahman’s collected columns were an important part of his literary works. He wrote more than sixty books of poetry collections, and these collections may have included his collected columns.

These columns are special because they reflect the everyday language spoken in Dhaka. Shamsur Rahman added a new dimension to modern Bengali poetry through his collected columns.

They showcased a more casual and conversational style, different from traditional poetry. These columns contributed to the development of modernism in Bengali literature, making him an influential figure in the evolution of Bengali poetry.

Poems in Translation

Shamsur Rahman’s poems have been translated into various languages, allowing a broader audience to appreciate and understand his literary contributions. These translations showcase his impact on the evolution of Bengali poetry and highlight the richness of his language and creative vision.

Even after his death, Rahman’s writings continue to be celebrated and remembered through these translated poems, demonstrating their enduring relevance and influence in literature.

Drama in Translation

Shamsur Rahman’s contributions to Bengali literature extend beyond poetry, as he has also delved into drama. His talent for translation can be seen in his work translating foreign plays into Bengali, making them accessible to a wider audience.

This allowed readers and theater enthusiasts in Bangladesh to experience different cultures and perspectives through theater. Shamsur Rahman’s expertise in translation helped bridge the gap between languages and brought diverse stories to the forefront of Bengali literature.

Critically Acclaimed Poems by Shamsur Rahman

poet shamsur rahman
Poet Shamsur Rahman joined the Nabanna Utshab Dhaka University’s Faculty of Fine Arts

Some of Shamsur Rahman’s most critically acclaimed poems include “Electrar Gaan,” “Ikaruser Akash,” “Purple Patch,” and “Through the Eyes of Poets and Writers.” These poems showcase Rahman’s unique poetic style and ability to capture human emotions’ essence.

Read more about these extraordinary works and their impact on Bengali literature.

“Electrar Gaan”

“Electrar Gaan” is a popular poem written by Shamsur Rahman, a renowned Bengali poet. It was included in his collection of poems called “Ikaruser Akash,” published in 1982.

The poem is about the mythical character Electra seeking revenge for her father’s death. Shamsur Rahman wrote this poem as an expression of mourning for the death of Bangabandhu, a significant figure in Bangladesh.

“Electrar Gaan” has received critical acclaim and is considered one of Rahman’s notable works.

“Ikaruser Akash”

“Ikaruser Akash” is a poetry compilation by Shamsur Rahman, a renowned Bangladeshi poet. This collection of poems is highly regarded and has received critical acclaim. One notable poem in “Ikaruser Akash” is “Electrar Gaan,” which reflects on the mythical revenge taken by Electra for her father’s death.

In this poem, Shamsur Rahman mourns the death of Bangabandhu, highlighting his sorrow and expressing it through powerful verses. The impact and emotional depth of “Ikaruser Akash” make it an important piece of literature in Bengali poetry.

“Purple Patch”

The collection of poems titled “Purple Patch” by Shamsur Rahman is highly acclaimed. It is one of over 70 volumes of poetry published by him. In this collection, Rahman explores themes related to liberal humanism, human relations, and romanticized ideals.

The poems in “Purple Patch” reflect his bleeding heart and respect for freedom fighters, showing solidarity with them. This collection contributes to the evolution of Bengali poetry and showcases Rahman’s poetic talent and creative vision.

“Through the Eyes of Poets and Writers”

Shamsur Rahman’s poem “Through the Eyes of Poets and Writers” takes us on a journey into the perspectives and experiences of different poets and writers. In this poem, he beautifully captures their unique ways of seeing the world and expressing themselves through words.

Through vivid imagery and powerful metaphors, Rahman invites us to step into the minds of these creative individuals and understand their struggles, dreams, and joys. This poem showcases Rahman’s ability to delve deep into the human psyche, shedding light on the innermost thoughts and emotions fuel artistic expression.

Awards Received By Shamsur Rahman

Shamsur Rahman received the Bangla Academy Literary Award and the Ekushey Padak.

Bangla Academy Literary Award

Shamsur Rahman was honored with the prestigious Bangla Academy Literary Award in 1969 for his remarkable contributions to Bengali literature. This award recognizes individuals who have made outstanding achievements in the field of literature in Bangladesh.

Shamsur Rahman’s recognition and awards highlight his significant impact on the literary landscape of Bangladesh, solidifying his position as a renowned poet and writer. His talent, creativity, and dedication to his craft have left an indelible mark on Bengali literature, inspiring future generations of poets and writers.

Ekushey Padak

Shamsur Rahman was honored with the prestigious Ekushey Padak award for his remarkable contributions to Bengali poetry. The Government of Bangladesh gives the Ekushey Padak to recognize outstanding achievements in various fields, including literature.

It is considered a highly prestigious recognition in Bangladesh. In addition to the Ekushey Padak, Rahman also received other notable awards, such as the Bangla Academy Literary Award and Swadhinata Award, for his extraordinary work in literature.

These awards reflect his immense talent and impact on Bengali literature.

Contributions to Bengali Literature

Shamsur Rahman played a significant role in Bengali literature, particularly through his campaigns for the Bengali Language Movement, the preservation of traditional literary style, and his skillful use of rich language.

Campaigns for the Bengali Language Movement

Shamsur Rahman played a significant role in the campaigns for the Bengali Language Movement through his poetry. His poems became powerful tools to express and advocate for the rights of the Bengali language.

During this movement, Rahman’s works were considered important contributions in capturing the spirit and emotions of those fighting for their language. This period also saw collaborative efforts in literature, with journals like “Kabita” playing a crucial role in documenting and supporting the cause.

The events of the language movement were further recorded in Hasan Hafizur Rahman’s anthology, “Ekushey February.” Through his poetry, Shamsur Rahman helped bring attention to this historical struggle and its importance to Bengali culture.

Traditional Literary Style

Shamsur Rahman’s contribution to Bengali literature includes exploring the traditional literary style. He drew inspiration from the rich heritage of Bengal’s centuries-old literary tradition, incorporating poetic diction and cultural themes into his work.

His poems were known for their richness of language and evocative imagery, capturing the essence of Bengali culture. By embracing and enhancing this traditional style, Shamsur Rahman left a lasting impact on modern Bengali poetry, influencing future poets to delve into their cultural roots when writing.

Read More: A Bangladeshi Hidden Gem

Richness of Language

Shamsur Rahman’s contributions to Bengali literature showcase the richness of the language he used in his poetry. As the greatest living poet of Bangladesh, he demonstrated how powerful and versatile Bengali can be.

Through his poems, Rahman highlighted the depth and complexity of the language, capturing its expressive capabilities. He wrote in two major patterns of Bengali rhythmic style, showcasing its versatility and diversity.

His work is a testament to the ability of Bengali to produce prolific and influential writers who continue to shape the literary landscape.

Impact of Shamsur Rahman’s Work

impact of shamsur rahman

Shamsur Rahman’s work has profoundly impacted Bengali literature, representing Bangladesh’s culture and social realities while inspiring future poets to explore new creative dimensions.

Read more about his influential contributions here.

Cultural Representation

Shamsur Rahman’s work has significantly impacted cultural representation in Bengali literature. Through his poetry, he brought to light the rich traditions and values of Bangladeshi culture.

His poems beautifully captured the essence of everyday life, portraying the beauty of rural landscapes, celebrating festive occasions, and delving into the emotions and struggles faced by ordinary people.

Rahman’s writing also reflected Bangladesh’s social and political climate, giving voice to important issues such as language rights and human relations. His work was a powerful tool for creating awareness and preserving cultural heritage for future generations.

Social Commentary

Shamsur Rahman’s work was not only renowned for its literary brilliance, but it also served as a powerful form of social commentary. Through his poetry, he fearlessly addressed important societal issues and provided a voice to the marginalized.

His writings shed light on a young nation’s political and social confusions, offering criticism of religious intolerance and advocating for change. Rahman’s poems were often sharp in their critique, reflecting on significant events such as the assassination of Bangabandhu in 1975.

By delving into these themes, Shamsur Rahman made an indelible impact on Bengali literature and played a crucial role in shaping cultural representation and challenging societal norms.

Inspiration to Future Poets

Shamsur Rahman’s work has been a powerful inspiration to future poets in Bangladesh. His poetry, filled with self-criticism, anger, and sarcasm, evoked strong emotions and resonated deeply with readers.

Through his literary contributions, he significantly impacted Bengali literature and poetry. The richness of his language and the depth of his creative vision motivated aspiring poets to explore new avenues in their writing.

Shamsur Rahman’s legacy continues to inspire and shape the future of poetry in Bangladesh, leaving an indelible mark on the country’s literary landscape.

Tributes to Shamsur Rahman

Literary works dedicated to his memory and a museum showcasing his contributions are among the tributes to Shamsur Rahman.

Dedication of Literary Works

Shamsur Rahman’s dedication to his literary works was truly remarkable. He poured his heart and soul into creating more than sixty books of poetry collections, novels, short stories, essays, rhymes, songs, memoirs, and letters.

His extensive work reflects his deep passion for writing and his commitment to serving the people through literature. Shamsur Rahman’s writings were not just a means of creative expression; they were also a way for him to contribute meaningfully to society by addressing important social issues and advocating for change.

Through his dedicated literary works, he left behind a lasting legacy that inspires readers and future generations of poets in Bangladesh.

A Museum Dedicated to His Work

A museum is dedicated to the work of Shamsur Rahman, a famous Bengali poet. This museum showcases his contributions to the evolution of Bengali poetry and displays various items related to his life and work.

Inside, you can find 122 poems, two novels, two short stories, 38 essays, 26 rhymes, 41 songs, memoirs, letters, and excerpts from an interview he gave. It serves as a place for admirers of Rahman’s work to honor him and learn about his significant impact on Bengali poetry.

The museum stands as a testament to how his work inspires and influences the literary landscape in Bangladesh today.

Bangladeshi Serials

Shamsur Rahman’s contribution to Bengali literature extends beyond poetry. He also left a lasting impact on Bangladeshi serials and television dramas. His realistic portrayal of societal issues and ability to connect with the audience resonated deeply in these programs.

His work shed light on important social topics such as poverty, corruption, and women’s rights. Bangladeshi serials inspired by Shamsur Rahman continue to be produced today, showcasing the ongoing relevance of his storytelling in addressing contemporary issues Bangladeshis face.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Check the answers to some commonly asked questions to know more about the Bengali poet Shamsur Rahman.

1. Who is Shamsur Rahman, and what was his contribution to Bengali poetry?

Shamsur Rahman was a notable poet who contributed significantly to the evolution of Bengali poetry by introducing modern themes, experimenting with new forms, and giving voice to social issues.

2. What are some examples of Shamsur Rahman’s poems that showcase his contribution to Bengali poetry?

Some notable poems by Shamsur Rahman include “Akasher Niche Manush” (Man Underneath the Sky), “Asader Shirt” (The Shirt of Asad), and “Biday Bela” (Farewell Time), which reflect his innovative style, use of imagery, and exploration of human emotions.

3. How did Shamsur Rahman influence other poets in Bengali literature?

Shamsur Rahman’s bold experimentation with language and form inspired a new generation of poets in Bengali literature, encouraging them to break traditional boundaries and explore contemporary subjects with honesty and authenticity.

4. Why is Shamsur Rahman considered one of the most influential figures in modern Bengali poetry?

Shamsur Rahman’s ability to connect with readers through relatable themes, combined with his skillful craftsmanship, has earned him recognition as one of the most influential figures in modern Bengali poetry.

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