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What are the Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious condition that can occur when the head is hit, causing damage to the brain. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, depending on the severity of the injury.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury

Below are some of the common causes of TBI:


Falls are some of the most common causes of TBI, especially in young children and the elderly.

Car Accidents: 

Car accidents are another leading cause of TBI. In fact, car crashes are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths in the United States. You can always contact a traumatic brain injury lawyer for compensation.

Sports Injuries: 

Contact sports such as football and hockey can lead to TBI.


Being hit in the head with a blunt object can cause TBI. This is especially common in cases of child abuse and domestic violence.

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

The symptoms of TBI can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of the injury. Some of the most common symptoms include:


Headache is the most common symptom of TBI. It’s often described as a throbbing or dull pain.


Fatigue is another common symptom of TBI. This can be caused by the injury itself or by medications used to treat other symptoms.

Sleep Problems:

TBI can cause a variety of sleep problems, such as insomnia and hypersomnia.

Memory Problems:

TBI can lead to memory problems, such as difficulty forming new memories or forgetting old ones.

Difficulty Concentrating:

TBI can make it difficult to focus and pay attention.

Mood Swings:

TBI can cause mood swings, irritability, and depression.

Treatment Options

Treatment for TBI will vary depending on the severity of the injury. Mild TBI can often be treated with rest and over-the-counter pain medication. More severe TBI may require hospitalization and surgery. If you or someone you know has suffered a TBI, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early treatment can help minimize the symptoms and improve the chances of a full recovery.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

There are four main types of TBI:


A concussion is a type of TBI that is caused by a blow to the head. Concussions can range from mild to severe. Symptoms typically resolve within a few weeks.


A contusion is a type of TBI that is caused by a direct blow to the head. This can cause bruising of the brain tissue. Contusions are typically more severe than concussions and may require surgery.

Diffuse Axonal Injury: 

A diffuse axonal injury is a type of TBI that occurs when the head is rotated or shaken. This can damage the nerve fibers of the brain. Diffuse axonal injuries are often very severe and can lead to coma or death.

Penetration Injury: 

A penetration injury is a type of TBI that occurs when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. This can cause serious damage to the brain tissue. Penetration injuries are often fatal.

If you think you or someone you know may have a TBI, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early treatment is crucial for minimizing the symptoms and improving the chances of a full recovery.

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