20 Biggest Aluminium Producing Countries in 2023
In this detailed post, we’ll look at where aluminum can be found around the world and which countries produce the most aluminum.
Aluminum is the third most prevalent element in the Earth’s crust, accounting for around 8% of its weight. Aluminum, on the other hand, is rarely found in its pure form and is usually found in bauxite ore. Bauxite deposits are spread around the equator, with the biggest reserves in Guinea, Australia, Vietnam, and Brazil.
Furthermore, commercial extraction of aluminum occurs in China, accounting for 58% of aluminum smelter production. Due to its substantial year-end mining capacity, China asserted its supremacy as the world’s largest producer of aluminum in 2022.
Because China also has the world’s greatest aluminum reserves and enormous smelting capacity, its position as the dominant producer is indisputable. Environmental issues and resource-intensive aluminum smelting, on the other hand, are impediments to the country’s aluminum sector.
Other leading aluminum producing countries include Russia and India, which, despite having lesser bauxite reserves, produce a considerable amount of aluminum due to high local demand and integrated production systems. Notably, despite geopolitical constraints and economic sanctions, Russia’s aluminum industry, led by Rusal, has thrived.
Because aluminum production is dependent on a country’s bauxite mining, we recommend reading Top 20 Bauxite Producers in the World.
Aluminum Market Worldwide
The global aluminum market was worth $179.32 billion in 2022 and is expected to grow to $277.5 billion by the end of this decade. From 2022 to 2031, this market will increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.61%, contributing to the GDP of the world’s largest aluminum producing countries.
Aluminum is required for production in emerging industries such as automotive, construction, and packaging. As a result, worldwide aluminum consumption in 2022 is expected to reach 65.87 million metric tons. This quantity is expected to rise to 78.4 million metric tons by 2029 as major businesses throughout the world expand. Aluminum has become a popular manufacturing material due to its lightweight, durability, and resistance to corrosion.
While this increase is encouraging for the world’s top aluminum producers, the depletion of reserves is troubling. As a result, governments are expanding their aluminum recycling operations in order to alleviate the pressure on smelters. Aluminum recycling can reach up to 90% in the automotive and construction industries. As a result, 75% of all aluminum produced is still in use today, indicating the long-term durability of this business.
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The Most Important Aluminizing Mining Companies
Alcoa Corporation (NYSE:AA) is the largest American aluminum business with a significant presence in the aluminum mining industry. Alcoa Corporation (NYSE:AA) is headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and leads the industry from bauxite mining to aluminum product manufacturing. Alcoa Corporation (NYSE:AA) prioritizes sustainable mining to ensure that raw aluminum supplies are not unduly exploited.
Rio Tinto Group (NYSE:RIO) is another well-known name in the aluminum business. Rio Tinto Group (NYSE:RIO) produced 521,100 metric tons of aluminum in 2022, out of a total of 3 million metric tons. Rio Tinto Group (NYSE:RIO) is also the world’s largest aluminum manufacturer, with a $116 billion market capitalization. It has well-planned mining practices that do not deplete aluminum supplies from the world’s top ten aluminum producing countries.
Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE), situated in Charlotte, North Carolina, is another corporation performing well in the aluminum mining industry. Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE) seeks to improve the quality of its aluminum products while increasing yield and reducing environmental impact. Notably, Nucor Corporation (NYSE:NUE) prioritizes recycling initiatives as part of its commitment to long-term mineral exploitation.
Based on our knowledge of where aluminum can be found around the world, the following countries are the major producers of this metal:
Production of aluminum smelters in 2022: 40 million metric tons
China, like many other metals and minerals, leads in the aluminum market. In 2022, the country produced 40 million metric tons of aluminum. This yield accounted for 58% of global output, a massive figure that places China at the forefront of aluminum production statistics. China Hongqiao Group is the world’s largest aluminum producer and is responsible for the majority of the country’s smelter output.
4 million metric tons of aluminum smelter output in 2022
India’s aluminum production will reach 4 million metric tons in 2022, making it the world’s second largest producer. Key aluminum refineries and smelters in India, such as Vedanta’s Jharsuguda complex, take a sustainable approach. This plant, located in Odisha, is one of the world’s largest single-location aluminum smelters and uses cutting-edge technology. The Jharsuguda smelter also complies to strict environmental standards, demonstrating India’s determination to being a champion producer of “the metal of the future,” as India refers to aluminum.
Production of aluminum smelters in 2022: 3.7 million metric tons
Russia has one of the best aluminum market footprints in the world. Russia’s aluminum smelter yield reached 3.7 million metric tons in 2022, ranking third globally. RUSAL, Russia’s primary aluminum manufacturer, is responsible for such steady yield. The Krasnoyarsk smelter, the company’s main business, is one of the world’s most technologically advanced refineries, producing high-grade aluminum. This output performance demonstrates Russia’s metallurgical genius as well as the need of technologically advanced infrastructure in mining.
3 million metric tons of aluminum smelter output in 2022
Thanks to its mining infrastructure, Canada is one of the top 5 producers of aluminum in the world. In 2022, this industrial giant produced 3 million metric tons of aluminum, supporting the auto sector. Aluminerie Alouette in Quebec, which is also North America’s largest working smelter, is Canada’s largest aluminum smelter. This smelter is essential to the supply chain for aluminum because of its capacity, which may exceed 0.629 million metric tons.
5. United Arab Emirates
roduction from Aluminum Smelters in 2022: 2.7 million metric tons
The United Arab Emirates enjoys a dominant position in the world’s mineral riches, and this is also true of its aluminum output. UAE mined 2.7 million metric tons of aluminum in 2022, according to USGS. The UAE’s top aluminum smelter, Emirates Aluminum Smelter Complex (EMAL), solidifies the country’s position as a major player in the sector.
Production from Aluminum Smelters in 2022: 1.6 million metric tons
Over time, the market for this metal has been influenced by the Kingdom of Bahrain. Bahrain produced 1.6 million metric tons of aluminum at its smelters in 2022. With a production capacity of 1.548 million metric tons, Aluminium Bahrain (Alba) is the second-largest aluminum smelter in the world and the biggest in Bahrain. Due to the diverse refining infrastructure of this smelter, Bahrain’s non-oil economy has also experienced steady expansion.
1.5 million metric tons of aluminum will be produced in smelters in 2022.
Australia’s massive smelters and refineries produced 1.4 million metric tons of aluminum in 2022. The country’s largest aluminum smelter, Tomago Aluminum, has been operating since 1983 and generates $2.2 billion in yearly economic output. Australia’s continuing ascent in the rankings of the world’s aluminum producers is supported by Tomago’s reliable infrastructure and cutting-edge processing methods.
Production from Aluminum Melters in 2022: 1.4 million
Norway mined 1.4 million metric tons of aluminum in 2022, according to data. Norsk Hydro, which runs numerous aluminum factories in Sunndal, rdal, and Husnes, is Norway’s largest aluminum refinery. Norway’s resource management tactics are aided by the fact that it is the third-largest producer of aluminum in Europe.
9. United States
0.86 million metric tons of aluminum will be produced in smelters in 2022.
According to the USGS report, 0.86 million metric tons of aluminum were produced in the US in 2022. This yield, while not remarkable, is the result of the big US aluminum smelters functioning at maximum efficiency. Due to rising mining costs and energy shortages, certain smelters also operated at decreased capacity, which had an impact on industry demand in the construction, packaging, and automotive sectors.
10. Saudi Arabia
Production from Aluminum Smelters in 2019: 0.85 million metric tons
Ma’aden Bauxite and Alumina Company (MBAC), with a mining capacity of 1.8 million metric tons of alumina, is the main alumina refinery in KSA. According to reports, Saudi Arabia produced 0.85 million tons of aluminum in 2019. With its smelter and its capacity, the nation dominates the world aluminum market.
Production from aluminum smelters in 2017 was 0.76 million metric tons.
Malaysia showed notable industrial productivity in the non-ferrous metals industry thanks to its 110 million metric tons of bauxite reserves. In 2017, the nation produced 0.76 million metric tons of smelted aluminum.
Production from Aluminum Smelters in 2022: 0.75 million metric tons
In 2022, Iceland’s aluminum manufacturing capacity was used to its full potential of 0.75 million metric tons. This accomplishment was made possible by the nation’s renewable geothermal and hydroelectric energy resources, which were used to power the labor-intensive smelting process. With its efficient operations, the Grundartangi smelter in Iceland alone has a production capacity of about 317,000 metric tonnes of aluminum.
13. South Africa
2019 Production of Aluminum from Smelters: 0.699 million metric tons
An impressive 0.699 million metric tons of aluminum were produced by South Africa’s smelters in 2019. This information shows how important aluminum manufacturing is to South Africa’s economy and how its smelting processes have improved. In Richards Bay, South Africa, there is also Hillside Aluminium, the biggest aluminum smelter in the Northern Hemisphere.
2019 Production of Aluminum from Smelters: 0.697 million metric tons
According to data, Qatar’s aluminum smelter output in 2019 was 0.697 million metric tons. This industry-specific figure reflects the Gulf country’s considerable significance in the global aluminum sector. The most famous aluminum smelter in Qatar is Qatalum, a joint venture between QatarEnergy and Norsk Hydro located in the Mesaieed Industrial Area.
In 2018, the aluminum smelter produced 0.66 million metric tons.
Brazil produced 0.66 million metric tons of aluminum in 2018, influencing the global market for this important industrial metal. The MRN mine, owned by Vale S.A. (NYSE:VALE), is Brazil’s largest alumina mine, producing 10.46 million metric tons of bauxite in 2022, the majority of which went to aluminum manufacturing.